Whether it's a learning test, word test, exam, entrance examination or final examination - we regularly encounter examination situations. Good preparation helps to ensure that exam stress does not become a burden.
FOR A GOOD
With the following seven tips, you can learn in a targeted and meaningful way, increase your learning success and approach the next exam more calmly.
1. a) Goal-oriented learning
Which topics are queried? What types of tasks are asked? In order to get the answer, it is worth being particularly attentive in the time before the exam. The teacher often gives hints such as "You should look at this again". Go through all your materials on the topic (booklet entries, worksheets, exercises, etc.) and, if possible, ask for old exams for a good topic overview.
You can learn in a targeted way according to the requirements. For example, if a dictation is on the agenda, the focus will be on spelling. For this, you have to prepare yourself differently than for an exam that asks for data and facts. In the second case, the right memory strategies are important.
1. b) Learning with the right strategies
Memory strategies depend on the type of learner: Can you best remember what you see, hear or experience? With the learning strategy that suits you, you will achieve the best learning results. Read our article on learning types.
Are there topics that you can passively learn? Vocabulary in foreign languages, for example, can be learned wonderfully by putting stickers on objects. So you can read the terms again and again and memorize them by the way.
2. Prepare material
Before you start learning, it is essential that you check that you have the necessary learning materials. This includes notes from class, slides, worksheets, homework and books. If important documents are missing, get the missing material.
3. Set up a timetable
First, you get an overview of the announced exams. In examination phases, there usually are several examinations in a short period of time. Especially then, it is important to set up an orderly timetable for learning.
Within a subject, set up learning stages. These can be very detailed. This gives you a good overview of the topics. It is important to include breaksin the learning plan. One to two weeks are useful as a learning phase for exams. Larger exams require more time.
4. Knowing strengths and weaknesses
In the preparation of the topics, the material and the timetable you will notice what you already know well and where you still have weaknesses or gaps in knowledge. Write down both! This list helps you to assess how much you have to learn - but also shows what you already know.
5. Practice time pressure
Under time pressure, unnecessary mistakes sneak that don't come from a lack of knowledge. Therefore, it makes sense to estimate your time, to train and practice your working speed and to train working under time pressure.
You get a good feeling for time when you stop time for certain tasks. How long do you need for a sketch, how long for a text task? This helps you to allocate the time available in an exam well. To train speed, set an alarm before solving a task and train regularly.
6. Take a trial exam
Try to preserve old exams and practice with them. In oral exams, you can practice the situation with classmates who ask you questions. If you are familiar with this type of exam, you will gain more and more routine and the actual exam situation will become less unfamiliar. This helps to reduce nervousness..
Test exams should not be taken too close before the exam. Plan time to check the tasks and ask the teacher again if you have difficulties. This does not make sense one day before the exam. The last day before the exam is the best day to take a break - don't learn until the last minute, do something nice.
7. Stay calm
If you are well prepared, you don't have to be afraid of the upcoming exam. When the exam starts, read through everything to get an overview. Then start with simple tasksthat you can safely solve. Leave difficult tasks for the end so that you don't waste time unnecessarily.
If you have a block, think of something else and don't despair of the task. For example, look out of the window or, if allowed, eat or drink something. Often you can continue without problems afterwards. If not, you go on to the next task. Important: Stay calm!